鼻窦炎


特征

  • 急性鼻窦炎是一种细菌或病毒引起的鼻窦感染。
  • 主要原因: 上气道感染,创伤,贯通伤,牙科感染,鼻腔解剖结构异常,鼻腔粘膜过敏。
  • 急性鼻窦炎症状:面部疼痛,头痛,局部皮肤紧张。
  • 急性鼻窦炎影像学特点:出现气液平面,气泡,粘膜肿胀,或鼻窦完全堵塞。
  • 慢性鼻窦炎:鼻窦肿胀发炎超过三个月。
  • 主要原因:长期感染,异物刺激或者口腔鼻腔贯通。
  • 慢性鼻窦炎影像学表现:粘膜肿胀。

多个病例

 

Acute sinusitis, two different cases; Air-fluid level in the right sinus.



Pansinusitis: Inflammation of all paranasal sinuses on one or both sides. CBCT images show complete opacification of the frontal sinuses, ethmoid sinuses, maxillary sinuses and sphenoid sinuses.



Chronic sinusitis in the right antrum: Thickened mucosal lining and thickening of the antral wall. Presence of foreign body in the right antrum.



Mucosal thickening in the ethmoidal sinus; different cases.



Mucosal thickening in the sphenoid sinuses.



Mucosal thickening in the left frontal sinus, ethmoidal sinus and sphenoidal sinus.