Surgical defect


  • It is an area that fails to fill in with osseous tissue after root resection procedures.
  • It is composed of dense fibrous tissue and is situated at the apex of a pulpless tooth.
  • It has well-defined borders and remains constant in size over the years.
  • The associated tooth is asymptomatic.

Differential diagnosis


Surgical defect cases

A case of surgical defect: upper premolar with apex resection.